The FAERS public dashboard is a new, user-friendly and interactive web-based tool that was created to give the public the ability to query the FDA FAERS database and improve transparency. The data presented in the FAERS public dashboard has several key limitations. The existence of adverse event reports for a drug or biologic in FAERS does not mean that the drug or biologic caused the adverse event. Importantly, the FAERS data is not an indicator of the safety profile of the drug or biologic. For more information, please refer to the question What points should I consider while viewing the dashboard content? 5
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
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The FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) is a database that contains adverse event reports, medication error reports and product quality complaints resulting in adverse events that were submitted to FDA. The database is designed to support the FDA's post-marketing safety surveillance program for drug and therapeutic biologic products. The informatic structure of the FAERS database adheres to the international safety reporting guidance issued by the International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH E2B). Adverse events and medication errors are coded using terms in the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA) terminology.
FAERS is a useful tool for FDA for activities such as looking for new safety concerns that might be related to a marketed product, evaluating a manufacturer's compliance to reporting regulations and responding to outside requests for information. The reports in FAERS are evaluated by clinical reviewers, in the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) and the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER), to monitor the safety of products after they are approved by FDA.
If a potential safety concern is identified in FAERS, further evaluation is performed. Further evaluation might include conducting studies using other large databases, such as those available in the Sentinel System. Based on an evaluation of the potential safety concern, FDA may take regulatory action(s) to improve product safety and protect the public health, such as updating a product’s labeling information, restricting the use of the drug, communicating new safety information to the public, or, in rare cases, removing a product from the market.
Healthcare professionals, consumers, and manufacturers submit reports to FAERS. FDA receives voluntary reports directly from healthcare professionals (such as physicians, pharmacists, nurses and others) and consumers (such as patients, family members, lawyers and others). Healthcare professionals and consumers may also report to the products’ manufacturers. If a manufacturer receives a report from a healthcare professional or consumer, it is required to send the report to FDA as specified by regulations.
Yes, the FDA Adverse Events Reporting System (FAERS) Electronic Submissions website provides drug and therapeutic biological product manufacturers, distributors, packers, and other interested parties with information about FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) electronic submissions and instructions on how to electronically submit post-marketing individual case safety reports (ICSRs), with and without attachments.
Yes, FAERS data does have limitations. First, there is no certainty that the reported event (adverse event or medication error) was due to the product. FDA does not require that a causal relationship between a product and event be proven, and reports do not always contain enough detail to properly evaluate an event. Furthermore, FDA does not receive reports for every adverse event or medication error that occurs with a product. Many factors can influence whether an event will be reported, such as the time a product has been marketed and publicity about an event. There are also duplicate reports where the same report was submitted by a consumer and by the sponsor. Therefore, FAERS data cannot be used to calculate the incidence of an adverse event or medication error in the U.S. population. For more information, please refer to the question What points should I consider while viewing the dashboard content? 5
FAERS data is available to the public in the following ways:
· FAERS dashboard: a highly interactive web-based tool that allows for the querying of FAERS data in a user friendly fashion.
· FAERS data files: provides raw data consisting of individual case safety reports extracted from the FAERS database. A simple search of FAERS data cannot be performed with these files by persons who are not familiar with the creation of relational databases.
· Individual case safety reports from the FAERS database can also be obtained by sending a Freedom of Information (FOI) request to FDA.
To confirm that your report is in FAERS, please send a Freedom of Information (FOI) request to FDA.
This tool makes the data easier to query and produces user-friendly information and charts. For example, users can view a summary of adverse event reports received from 1968 to the present or for a specific timeframe. In addition, users can search for products or reactions of interest within a specific timeframe.
Yes, a recorded webinar is available which reviews the capabilities, and limitations, of the FAERS public dashboard.
Please note that a new webinar addressing the version 2.0 updates to the FAERS Public dashboard will be available soon.
Yes, but the user interface layout may not be very user friendly. FDA will continue to work on the dashboard to make the user interface Android and iPhone friendly.
Yes, you will be able to export a limited set of search data to an Excel® spreadsheet and then download it. FDA will still continue to provide the FAERS Latest Quarterly Data Files online.
· Potential Signals of Serious Risks/New Safety Information Identified from the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS): quarterly reports on potential serious side effects identified by FAERS.
· Post-marketing Drug and Biologic Safety Evaluations: provides summary information about ongoing and completed post-marketing safety evaluations of adverse experience reports made to FDA for New Drug Applications (NDAs) and Biologic License Applications (BLAs) approved since September 27, 2007.
· Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER): Drug Safety and Availability
Each unique submission of a case received is assigned a version number (for example, Case #1234567, version 1). The initial version received will be version 1. If a follow up is received on a previously submitted case, then that version of the case will be version 2, and so on. The latest version of a case represents the most current information about that case.
The data is updated quarterly.
When you view the website output of reported reactions (side effects or adverse drug reactions) for a drug product, it is important to consider the following points:
Importantly, the FAERS data by themselves are not an indicator of the safety profile of the drug.
The best sources of information for the known side effects of a drug are the FDA approved product information (also known as full prescribing information or US package insert) and your health care provider. This dashboard tells you what was reported to the FDA, but it is difficult to know what caused a particular event in a particular patient from the information on the dashboard. Even if a symptom is a known side effect for a drug, it can be difficult to know if the symptom that a patient had was caused by a particular drug, since there may be other possible causes as well. For example, some medications cause headaches, but many people have headaches even when they aren’t on any medications.
Although some adverse events can be caused by a drug, there are also other possible explanations for symptoms that appear while a patient is taking a drug. For example, the adverse event could be related to a disease that a patient already has, something in the environment, diet, or sleep habits, to name a few, could cause symptoms that could be misinterpreted as adverse events caused by a drug.
Although it is difficult to generalize, it is unlikely that every adverse event reported for a given drug was caused by that drug.
The FAERS dashboard should not be used to determine the safety profile of one drug compared to another. Even identical drug products can have widely differing levels of adverse event reporting due to the voluntary nature of the reporting system.
The same caution that applies to all of the FAERS reports, should be applied to death reports. The existence of a death report in the FAERS dashboard does not mean that the drug caused the person to die. Fatal outcome could be from the natural progression of the disease being treated.
No. The FAERS database contains only a small fraction of the side effects that occur with a drug. This is due to a variety of reasons. Most importantly, there is no requirement for healthcare professionals and consumers to report side effects to either the FDA or to the manufacturer. Even for side effects that have been reported to the manufacturer, only certain categories of adverse events are required to be submitted to the FDA. Lastly, there are a variety of factors that can cause more or less reporting to both the FDA and manufacturers, including whether a particular side effect is known for a drug, how long a drug has been on the market and even whether there have been recent news reports about possible side effects for a given drug or a group of drugs.
An adverse event (AE) is any symptom that occurs while taking a drug, which may or may not have been caused by the drug. This is different from an adverse drug reaction (ADR), where there is specific evidence that the AE is related to the drug. A side effect is the same as an ADR. As a result, ADR is always an AE, but an AE may or may not be an ADR.
You should always check with your healthcare provider before discontinuing any medication that you have been prescribed.
You should check with your healthcare provider if you have any concerns about a medication that you are taking. You and your healthcare provider should decide if the potential benefits of you taking a particular drug outweigh its potential risks as well as the risks of an illness being left untreated.
Please consult with your health care provider to discuss the safety profile and the overall benefit-safety balance of the drug.
You can use any of the following internet browsers to access and view the dashboard:
Microsoft Internet Explorer 11, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari.
For the best dashboard viewing experience, the recommended screen resolution for your desktop or laptop is 1920x1080.
You may use the navigation bar on the top of the dashboard to navigate through different sheets. Depending on the sheet you are currently viewing, you may see different options to select in the navigation bar.
When viewing the “Home” or “Search” sheets, you will see the options shown below in the navigation bar.
When viewing any other page in the dashboard after searching for a product, you will see the options shown below.
The “Home” sheet displays report statistics for all the years by default. But you may view report statistics for quarters and months of any specific year. You can view statistics for quarters of only one year at time. You can view statistics for months of only one quarter at a time.
1. Click on any year in the table or chart and confirm selection to view statistics for the year by quarters.
2. Then select any quarter by clicking on it to view statistics for the months of the selected quarter.
3. Clear the selected quarter to go back to view statistics by quarters.
4. Clear the year selection to go back to view statistics for all year.
Note: If a year has just one quarter of data, selecting the year will directly display months for the year without displaying quarters.
After accepting the disclaimer, click on the “Search” option and then:
1. Type a product value in the search bar.
2. Click or double-click on a desired value from the list of values to select it.
3. The selected product will be displayed under the list “Selected Products”.
4. To clear the search text, click on the ‘X’ button in the right corner of the search bar.
5. If you want to add more products to your search, repeat the steps above for the products you are interested in. You may select up to five products for your search.
6. If you want to deselect a product you have already selected, click or double-click on the product you want to deselect from the list “Selected Products”.
7. Once you have selected all the products you want to search for, click on the “Go” button.
Please note that you can select no more than five products at a time for your search.
Yes. You can search for a generic product or a specific trade name by simply typing the name in the search bar. The search box pop-up includes icons to indicate whether a suggested product is a trade name or a generic product based on FDA’s internal product dictionary.
· indicates that the suggested value is a product name or trade name.
· indicates that the suggested value is a generic product.
If you have already done a product search, the navigation bar will display a search box where you can type in and select new products for your search.
FAERS includes both OTC and prescription drugs.
From the “Home” sheet, click on the “Search” option and then:
1. Select option “Search by Reaction Term”.
2. Type a reaction term value in the search bar.
3. Click or double-click on a desired value from the list of values to select it.
4. The selected reaction term will be displayed under the list “Selected Reactions”.
5. To clear the search text, click on the ‘X’ button in the right corner of the search bar.
6. If you want to add more reactions to your search, repeat the steps above for the reactions you are interested in. You may select up to five reactions for your search.
7. If you want to deselect a reaction you have already selected, click or double-click on the reaction you want to deselect from the list “Selected Reactions”.
8. Once you have selected all the reactions you want to search for, click on the “Go” button.
Please note that you can select no more than five reaction terms at a time for your search.
If you have already done a reaction search, the navigation bar will display a search box where you can type in and select new reactions for your search.
Depending on your initial search, you can use the search box in the navigation to search for either products or reactions terms.
If your initial search in the “Search” sheet was based on product(s), you can only search for products in the search box of the navigation bar.
If your initial search in the “Search” sheet was based on reaction term(s), you can only search for reaction terms in the search box of the navigation bar.
You can select up to five products or reactions at a time for a search.
Note: This restriction is applicable for products and reactions only. Multiple value selections can be made for all other data elements such as sex, country, and outcomes.
No, the search sheet allows you to select either products or reactions for your search but not both. For example, if you select specific products using the “Search by Product” option and then choose the “Search by Reaction Term” option, the products you have selected will be removed from the search.
You may, however, filter for products and reactions after your initial search in subsequent sheets.
To view distribution of counts for different parameters, click on the drop-down menu on the top right corner of a sheet and select the desired option.
When you hover over any chart or table, a symbol is displayed on the right top corner of the chart or table. Clicking on this icon will enable you to view the chart or table in full screen mode. To exit the full screen mode, click the X on the top right corner of the chart or table.
Yes, the dashboard provides extensive filtering capabilities on both charts and tables.
Note: When you apply filters on a table or chart within the “Home” sheet, the filters will be applied only on charts and tables in this sheet. Conversely, when you apply filters on tables or charts in any other sheet, after searching for a product, the filters will be applied on all sheets except for the “Home” sheet.
To filter data in a table, for example, filtering by year, there are two options:
1. Click on one or multiple columns or rows. You may also click and drag multiple rows or columns to select them for filtering data.
2. Click on the icon to confirm your selection.
You may also use drop-downs (also known as filter panes) displayed on top of the rows or columns to choose your values for filtering. Please see screenshot below which shows how to select specific years for filtering.
To filter data in a chart, for example, filtering by year, there are two options:
1. Click on one or multiple bars in the chart or items in the chart legend. You may also click and drag multiple bars to select them for filtering data.
2. Click on the button to confirm your selection.
You may also use “lasso selection tool” to select multiple values from the chart. To use this feature:
1. Click anywhere on the chart.
2. Click on the lasso icon.
3. Click and drag to draw on the chart and select the bars you want to use for filtering.
You may also select values from a chart’s legend for filtering by clicking on the values.
Note that the applied filters show up on the top selection bar.
On the top left side of every sheet, you can see the icon shown below, with a dotted lined square with an “X” on it. Click the icon to clear any product you have selected for searching and all selected values used for filtering.
Yes, you may export or download dashboard data. Right-click on any table or chart in the dashboard and click on the “Export” option. You may choose from the following three options for exporting and downloading data:
1. Export as an image: This option will export a snapshot of the table or chart that you are viewing to an image file.
2. Export to PDF: This option will export a snapshot of the table or chart that you are viewing to a PDF file.
3. Export data: This option will export the underlying data of the table or chart that you are viewing to a Microsoft Excel (.xlsx) file. This option is explained in more detail in the final question of the FAQs below.
Green, with a check mark as a selection indicator
When you select one or more values in a filter pane and the values turn green, they are in the selected state. In the example screenshot, the value “Consumer” has been selected.
In the screenshot of the “Category” filter pane for “Reporter Region”, the values “Domestic” and “Foreign” are white (possible), because selecting these values will return data. You could refine your data set by selecting one or more of these possible values.
Selecting a light gray value will add to the previously selected value to broaden the filtering.
Dark gray value indicates that there is no data for the specific value based on other filters that have already been applied to the data.
Caution: Selecting a dark gray value:
· May clear some or all other existing filters and apply that value as the new filter.
· May cause the selected product to be removed. If that happens, restart your search using the Search for Product option in the navigation bar.
No. You will not be able to view any data in the dashboard without accepting the disclaimer.
Data in the FAERS Public Dashboard is as of December 31, 2018. Data is updated quarterly.
Each case might have more than one reaction term. Therefore, the sum of the case counts for individual reactions may be same or more than the total count of distinct cases.
Each case might have more than one outcome. Therefore, the sum of counts for individual outcomes may not match the total count of distinct cases.
The “Listing of Cases” table allows you to scroll vertically or horizontally using vertical and horizontal scroll bars respectively. To view the scroll bars, hover over the listing of cases table.
· Scroll up or down in the Listing of Cases table using the vertical scroll bar on the right side of the table. This will allow you to see all the rows in the table.
· Scroll to the left or right in the Listing of Cases table using the horizontal scroll bar on the bottom of the table. This will allow you to see all the columns in the table.
Yes, you may rearrange columns by dragging and dropping column headers anywhere in the table. To move a particular column:
1. Click and hold on the column header.
2. Drag it next to a column you want to move it to and release the click.
Due to space constraints, some cells display only partial data. To view the entire content of any cell, simply hover over the cell with your mouse. The entire content of the cell appears in a pop-up.
You can filter and sort data in the table using any column or any value in a cell. To filter using a value in cell, simply click on the cell. The table is refreshed with the filtered data. To filter using a column, click on the icon next to the column header, and then select from the list of values for that column.
To sort data using a specific column, simply click on the column header. Click once on the column header to view data in ascending order. Click again on the column heading to sort the values in descending order.
You can download data from the “Listing of Cases” table to a Microsoft Excel (.xlsx) file by using the “Export data” option.
Note: The “Listing of Cases” table provides a limited set of columns for case data. If you require a more comprehensive data set for download, you may download FAERS (FDA Adverse Events Reporting System) Quarterly Data files.
The data displayed in the FAERS Public Dashboard may not be identical to the data in the FAERS Quarterly Data files due to different data loading dates. The date data is loaded into the dashboard is displayed on the screen and may not be the same as the date when the FAERS Quarterly Data files are extracted and prepared.
To download data from the “Listing of Cases” table:
1. Right-click anywhere on the “Listing of Cases” table and click on “Export”.
2. Select “Export data” option.
3. Then click on “Click here to download your data file” to save the file to your machine.